How to Install Secure FTP

Follow these steps to install the secure FTP server:

  1. Install vsftpd with the following command:
$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install vsftpd
  1. After installation, we can configure vsftpd by editing /etc/vsftpd.conf. Before editing the configuration file, don’t forget to create a backup of the file.
$ sudo cp /etc/vsftpd.conf /etc/vsftpd.conf.bak
  1. First create the SSL certificate for the FTP server:
sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -

keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out

/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

 

  1. Next, configure Vsftpd. Add or edit the following lines in vsftpd.conf:
anonymous_enable=no

local_enable=yes

write_enable=yes

chroot_local_user=yes

Add the SSL certificate created in the previous step:

rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

ssl_enable=yes

ssl_ciphers=high

force_local_data_ssl=yes

force_local_logins_ssl=yes

 

  1. Save and exit the configuration file.
  2. Restart the Vsftpd server:
$ sudo service vsftpd restart
  1. Now you can use any FTP client that supports the SFTP protocol to connect to your FTP server, for example, FileZilla.
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